Herb latin name: Lycium ruthenicum
Family: Solanaceae (Nightshade Family, Potato Family)
Medicinal use of Lycium ruthenicum:The plant is used as an ointment to treat blindness in camels. The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers.
Description of the plant:
(6 1/2 foot)
Habitat of the herb:Higher inner Himalayas, 1800 - 3900 metres. Saline deserts and sands, roadsides at elevations of 400 - 3,000 metres in western China.
Edible parts of Lycium ruthenicum:Fruit - raw or cooked. Only the fully ripe fruits should be eaten.
Other uses of the herb:Plants are very drought tolerant and have an extensive root system. They can be planted to stabilize banks and sandy soils.
Propagation of Lycium ruthenicum:Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually good and fairly quick. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Pinch out the shoot tips of the young plants in order to encourage bushy growth. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel if possible, July/August in individual pots in a frame. Good percentage. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, autumn to late winter in a cold frame. High percentage. Division of suckers in late winter. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. Layering.
Cultivation of the herb:Higher inner Himalayas, 1800 - 3900 metres. Saline deserts and sands, roadsides at elevations of 400 - 3,000 metres in western China.
Known hazards of Lycium ruthenicum:Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, it does belong to a family that contains many poisonous plants. Some caution should be applied, especially towards leaves or unripe fruits, though ripe fruits are almost certainly edible.
Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future.