Herb: Chinquapin


Latin name: Castanea pumila ashei


Family: Fagaceae (Beech Family)



Medicinal use of Chinquapin:

The leaves contain tannin and are antiperiodic, astringent and tonic. An infusion of the leaves has been used as an external wash for the feverish condition common to colds.

Description of the plant:



Plant:
Deciduous
Shrub

Height:
5 m
(16 feet)

Flovering:
July

Habitat of the herb:

By the coast, in dry thickets woods and borders of swamps.

Edible parts of Chinquapin:

Seed - raw or cooked. Sweet with a nice nutty flavour, it is very acceptable raw. When baked it becomes even sweeter and develops a floury texture, it makes an excellent potato or cereal substitute. The seed is quite small, about half the size of C. dentata. Sold in local markets in America.

Other uses of the herb:

The bark, leaves, wood and seed husks all contain tannin. Wood - hard, strong, light. Used for fence posts etc.

Propagation of Chinquapin:

Seed - where possible sow the seed as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in a seed bed outdoors. The seed must be protected from mice and squirrels. The seed has a short viability and must not be allowed to become dry. It can be stored in a cool place, such as the salad compartment of a fridge, for a few months if it is kept moist, but check regularly for signs of germination. The seed should germinate in late winter or early spring. If sown in an outdoor seedbed, the plants can be left in situ for 1 - 2 years before planting them out in their permanent positions. If grown in pots, the plants can be put out into their permanent positions in the summer or autumn, making sure to give them some protection from the cold in their first winter. Division of suckers in winter. They can be planted straight out into their permanent positions.

Cultivation of the herb:

By the coast, in dry thickets woods and borders of swamps.

Known hazards of Castanea pumila ashei:

None known

Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future.