Herb latin name: Berberis empetrifolia


Family: Berberidaceae (Barberry Family)



Medicinal use of Berberis empetrifolia:

Berberine, universally present in rhizomes of Berberis species, has marked antibacterial effects. Since it is not appreciably absorbed by the body, it is used orally in the treatment of various enteric infections, especially bacterial dysentery. It should not be used with Glycyrrhiza species (Liquorice) because this nullifies the effects of the berberine. Berberine has also shown antitumour activity.

Description of the plant:



Plant:
Evergreen
Shrub

Height:
30 cm
(11 3/4 inch)

Flovering:
May

Habitat of the herb:

Waste ground near the sea and at elevations up to 1300 metres.

Edible parts of Berberis empetrifolia:

Fruit - raw or cooked. The fruits are about 7mm long.

Other uses of the herb:

A yellow dye is obtained from the root and bark.

Propagation of Berberis empetrifolia:

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, when it should germinate in late winter or early spring. Seed from over-ripe fruit will take longer to germinate, whilst stored seed may require cold stratification and should be sown in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. The seedlings are subject to damping off, so should be kept well ventilated. When the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame. If growth is sufficient, it can be possible to plant them out into their permanent positions in the autumn, but generally it is best to leave them in the cold frame for the winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Pot up in the spring. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, preferably with a heel, October/November in a frame.

Cultivation of the herb:

Waste ground near the sea and at elevations up to 1300 metres.

Known hazards of Berberis empetrifolia:

None known

Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future.