Herb: Canadian Anemone


Latin name: Anemone canadensis


Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)



Medicinal use of Canadian Anemone:

The roots and leaves are astringent and styptic. The root and leaves of this plant was one of the most highly esteemed medicines of the Omaha and Ponca Indians. A decoction of the root was used as an anthelmintic and to treat pain in the lumbar region. An infusion of the root was used as an eye wash to treat crossed eyes, twitches and eye poisoning. A wash of the pounded boiled root or of the leaves was applied externally to wounds, nosebleeds, sores etc. The root contains anemonin, which is said to be a potent antiseptic. A tea of the roots was used in the treatment of headaches and dizziness. The root was eaten to clear the throat so that a person could sing well.

Description of the plant:



Plant:
Perennial


Height:
60 cm
(2 feet)

Flovering:
May to
July

Habitat of the herb:

Damp thickets, meadows, wet prairies, lake shores, streamsides, clearings and occasionally swampy areas at elevations from 200 - 2800 metres.

Propagation of Canadian Anemone:

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the summer. Surface sow or only just cover the seed and keep the soil moist. Sow stored seed as soon as possible in late winter or early spring. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 6 months at 15C. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first year. When the plants are large enough, plant them out in the spring. Division in late summer after the plant dies down.

Cultivation of the herb:

Damp thickets, meadows, wet prairies, lake shores, streamsides, clearings and occasionally swampy areas at elevations from 200 - 2800 metres.

Known hazards of Anemone canadensis:

Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, a number of members of this genus are slightly poisonous, the toxic principle is destroyed by heat or by drying.

Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future.